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CARRILLO, Alonso. Discorsi apologetici, in che si da relatione della persecutioni, e trauagli patiti dal R.P.D. Fr. Bernardino de Cardenas, Vescouo del Paraguay, nelle Indie Occidentali. Agguiustato il tutto con le scritture presentate nel Consiglio delle Indie. [Madrid: not before August 1658].
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CARRILLO, Alonso. Discorsi apologetici, in che si da relatione della persecutioni, e trauagli patiti dal R.P.D. Fr. Bernardino de Cardenas, Vescouo del Paraguay, nelle Indie Occidentali. Agguiustato il tutto con le scritture presentate nel Consiglio delle Indie. [Madrid: not before August 1658].

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CARRILLO, Alonso. Discorsi apologetici, in che si da relatione della persecutioni, e trauagli patiti dal R.P.D. Fr. Bernardino de Cardenas, Vescouo del Paraguay, nelle Indie Occidentali. Agguiustato il tutto con le scritture presentate nel Consiglio delle Indie. [Madrid: not before August 1658].

Two (of three?) parts. 2° (283 x 202mm). Woodcut criblé and ornamental initials. (Possibly lacking a final part consisting of 15 leaves, some light spotting, some browning.) Contemporary tan goatskin gilt, sides panelled with ARMS OF POPE ALEXANDER VII (Fabio Chigi, r. 1655-1667) at centre, flat spine with single fleuron in compartments, gilt edges (small expert repairs at spine and corners). Provenance: early inscription on title; 'Doppio' written in an early hand on lower cover -- Fran. M. Cardelli of Rome (18th-century armorial stamps on title).

FIRST EDITION of documents in defense of Bernardino de Cárdenas, the controversial 18th-century Bishop of Asunción, Paraguay, in his bitter dispute with the Jesuits. Having assumed the bishophric in advance of papal confirmation, Cárdenas continued to reign by presumptive action and outrageous behaviour, culminating in his excommunication and exile of the entire Jesuit College at Asunción and his military stand against the Governor. The case against Cárdenas, largely revolving around the legitimacy of his consecration, dragged on before courts in Madrid and Rome. The Discorsi apologetici was submitted to Pope Alexander VII in defense of Cárdenas and contains a history of his actions and testimonies in his support, the last of which is dated August 1658. Sabin calls for a final part consisting of 15 leaves, but the Indiana University Library copy, the only other copy recorded in standard bibliographies, matches the present copy. RARE; Asher's assertion that 'this work is almost unknown' is attested by only one copy being recorded in OCLC. No copy is listed in CERL. Asher also states that it was 'most probably intended for private circulation', as seems to be attested by the papal binding here. The binding tools are close copies of those used by the Andreoli brothers at Rome. Palau 45458; Sabin p.364.
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