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COGAN, Thomas (1545?-1607). The Haven of Health, chiefly made for the comfort of students, and consequently for all those that have a care of their health, London: by Melch. Bradwood for J. Norton, 1605, 4° in 8's, fourth edition, [16] + 275 + [12]pp., printed in black letter, woodcut initials and ornaments (title with repaired 2-inch tear in blank area, quire B rather browned, L6 slightly creased and miscut at upper margin, a few light marginal stains), 18th-century polished calf, sides with chainwork gilt border (rebacked in sheep in the later 19th century, spine rubbed at head, new endpapers). [STC 5482]

Details
COGAN, Thomas (1545?-1607). The Haven of Health, chiefly made for the comfort of students, and consequently for all those that have a care of their health, London: by Melch. Bradwood for J. Norton, 1605, 4° in 8's, fourth edition, [16] + 275 + [12]pp., printed in black letter, woodcut initials and ornaments (title with repaired 2-inch tear in blank area, quire B rather browned, L6 slightly creased and miscut at upper margin, a few light marginal stains), 18th-century polished calf, sides with chainwork gilt border (rebacked in sheep in the later 19th century, spine rubbed at head, new endpapers). [STC 5482]
Provenance
N20, early shelf mark to title; A. L. S., late 19th- or early 20th-century bookplate.

Lot Essay

The first edition was published by William Norton in 1584. A broad survey of the good and ill effects of vegetables and herbs, fruit, meat, fish, and sauces, followed by more general directions for good health at the end, this was a work much under the influence of Galen and strongly governed by the humoral system. Cucumbers, for example, are recommended "pared, slyced thinne and served to the Table with vinegar and pepper in the summer season, and eaten with mutton," though they are suited to those with "hot and strong stomachs" not to "flegmaticks and delicate persons." The eating of raw apples and pears is not recommended, though like cucumbers apples are "thought to quench the flame of Venus." "Peares eaten raw make waterish and corrupt bloud, and beside that, they engender wind, and so cause the Collicke" -- and should be eaten with "a draught of old wine" as a preventitive. Chestnuts are said to provide "the best nourishment" of any wild fruit. Sugar "agreeth with all ages and complexions" and "is generally more wholesome than honey is." The three most popular sauces for meat are salt, vinegar and mustard. Mustard, being hot, is both "a good sauce" and "medicinable to purge the brain."
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