DENIS DIDEROT (1713-1784) AND JEAN LE ROND D'ALEMBERT (1717-1783, EDITORS)
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DENIS DIDEROT (1713-1784) AND JEAN LE ROND D'ALEMBERT (1717-1783, EDITORS)

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DENIS DIDEROT (1713-1784) AND JEAN LE ROND D'ALEMBERT (1717-1783, EDITORS)

Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, par un société des gens de lettres. Mis en ordre & publié par M. Diderot ... & quant à la partie mathematique, par M. D'Alembert. 'Paris': 'Le Breton' for 'Briasson, David the elder, Le Breton, and Durand', '1751-1757' [volumes I-VII] and 'Neufchastel': 'Samuel Faulche & Compagnie', '1765' [volumes VIII-XVII] [but Geneva: Gabriel Cramer for Charles Joseph Panckoucke et al., 1771-1774]. 17 volumes. Half-titles in volumes I-VII and IX, woodcut title-vignettes. Engraved frontispiece by B.L. Prevost after N. Cochin fils in volume I, 2 folding letterpress tables, woodcut music and diagrams, and letterpress tables in the text, some full-page, woodcut head- and tailpieces and initials. (A few leaves with clean marginal tears touching text, unobtrusive marginal worming in volumes III-IV, VIII, and XVII, lacking errata leaf I/5Z2, small tear affecting text on II/4Y2, small holes in IV/a1 and V/4Q3, paper flaw on VI/4g2.) 'Geneva' edition. Lough Essays on the Encyclopédie (London: 1968), pp.15-20.

[with:]

Receuil des planches, sur les sciences, les arts liberaux, et les arts méchaniques, avec leur explication. 'Paris': 'Briasson, David, Le Breton, and Durand' [pts I-II, ii], 'Briason, David and Le Breton' [pts III-V], 'Briason and Le Breton' [pt VI], and 'Briason' [pts VII-X], '1762-1772' [but Paris [pt I] and Geneva [pts II, i-X]: Le Breton [pt I] and Gabriel Cramer [pts II, i-X] for Charles Joseph Panckoucke et al., 1772-1776]. 10 parts in 11 volumes. Half-titles, woodcut title-vignettes. 2,580 engraved plates [including one duplicate in pt II, ii], 290 folding, 3 letterpress tables, 1 folding, woodcut diagrams in the text. (Some light offsetting on folding plates, wax-marking on 2 plates, short clean tear on 1 plate, marginal worming in pts III and VIII-X occasionally affecting plates, pt VIII with small tears in some plates and 12 plates misbound, 10 text leaves misbound in pt IX.) 'Geneva' edition. Lough pp. 20-21.

[and:]

[Jean-Baptiste-René ROBINET (1735-1820, editor)]. Supplément à l'Encyclopédie. Amsterdam: [Jean-Georges-Antoine Stoupe] for Marc Michel Rey [volumes I-IV] and Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, Jean-Georges-Antoine Stoupe, Pierre-Prudence Brunet, and Marc Michel Rey [volume V], 1776-1777. 5 volumes [including Suite du Receuil de planches]. Half-titles, woodcut title-vignettes. 215 engraved plates, maps and plans, 1 folding double-page, 27 double-page, 5 folding letterpress tables, woodcut illustration, diagrams, music and letterpress tables in the text, woodcut head- and tailpieces and initials. (Marginal worming in volumes I-IV, occasionally touching text in volume II, lacking final blank I/6A4 [?and II/6B4], small tears on II/A1, III/6F4, IV/A2, wax-marking on III/P4, a few plates with short clean tears.) FIRST EDITION. Lough pp.12-14 (mixed edition).

[and:]

[Pierre MOUCHON (1733-1797, compiler)]. Table analytique et raisonnée des matieres contenues dans les XXXIII volumes in-folio du Dictionnaire des sciences, des arts et des métiers, et dans son Supplément. Paris and Amsterdam: Imprimerie de Stoupe for Charles Joseph Panckoucke and Marc-Michel Rey, 1780. 2 volumes. Half-titles, woodcut title-vignettes. Engraved folding plate, woodcut head- and tailpieces and initials. (1 plate torn, I/6T2-11F2 with small wormhole, clean tear on II/2R1, lacking privilege leaf II/10V2.) FIRST EDITION. Lough pp.14-15.

35 volumes, 2° (393 x 255mm). (Variable light spotting, browning and dampstaining.) Contemporary French mottled calf, the spines gilt in compartments with fleurons and thistle tools, contrasting gilt morocco lettering-pieces, gilt board edges, red edges (some spines faded, somewhat rubbed, scuffed and chipped, cracking on some joints and spines).

'A MONUMENT IN THE HISTORY OF EUROPEAN THOUGHT; the acme of the age of reason; a prime motive force in undermining the ancien régime and in heralding the French revolution; a permanent source for all aspects of eighteenth-century civilisation' (PMM). In 1768 Charles Panckoucke, who had acquired both the rights and the engraved plates to the 1751-1772 first edition of the Encyclopédie, decided to publish a revised edition, and contacted Diderot, Voltaire, and others to seek their approval and support. However, the opponents of the original edition were still a potent force in France, and--nearly twenty years after the publication of the first volume of the first edition--feared a new edition to such an extent, that a privilege would only be granted for a literal reprint of the first edition. In order to circumvent this restriction Panckoucke decided to issue a page-for-page reprint of the 28-volume original, but to add a Supplément and a Table to correct the deficiencies of the original, to bring it up to date with current knowledge, and to facilitate its use. In 1770 Panckoucke and his associates printed the first three text volumes and the first plate volume of the reprint in Paris; however, despite the initial authorisation for the edition, ecclesiastical pressure led to the embastillement of all copies of the three text volumes (but not of the plate volume). Having exhausted the possibilities of recovering the impounded volumes, Panckoucke decided to start afresh, and made arrangements to print the entire work in Geneva, with the exception of the first plate volume, of which he still retained the copies printed in Paris. Despite the strength of political and clerical opposition to the venture and attempts by the French government to influence the Swiss authorities, printing commenced in Geneva in 1771 and the work was eventually finished in 1776, to be followed by the Supplément in 1776-1777 and the Table in 1780. The Supplément and Table soon proved their worth, becoming an essential adjunct to copies of the original edition, and confirmed Panckoucke's belief in the need for a revised edition.

For Paris and Amsterdam: 1751-1780 edition cf. Dibner Heralds (1980) 85; Grolier Science 25b; Norman 637; PMM 200. (35)
Provenance
Partially-removed contemporary bookplates.
Dr Anton C.R. Dreesmann (inventory no. Y-65).
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