Diego Rivera (1886-1957)
Diego Rivera (1886-1957)

En el viñedo

Diego Rivera (1886-1957)
En el viñedo
signed and dated 'D.Rivera-20' lower right-- signed and dated again on the reverse
oil on canvas
26.5/8 x 19¼in. (67.6 x 49cm.)
Painted in 1920
Frances Flynn Paine, New York
Anon. sale, Parke-Bernet Galleries, Inc., New York, Modern Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, May 15, 1963, lot 61 (illustrated)
Lester Wolfe, New York
Anon. sale, Sotheby Parke Bernet Inc., New York, Important Latin American Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, May 29-30, 1984, lot 107 (illustrated in color)
Anon. sale, Sotheby's New York, Latin American Art, Part I, Nov. 21-22 1995, lot 18 (illustrated in color)
Gary Nader Fine Art, Miami
B. Wolfe, His Life and Times, New York, Knopf, 1939, p. 118
F. Arquín, Diego Rivera, The Shaping of an Artist, 1889-1921, Norman University of Oklahoma Press, 1971, p. 100, plate 68 (illustrated)
Diego Rivera: Pintura de caballete y dibujos, Mexico City, Fondo Editorial de la Plástica Mexicana, 1979, p. 41-42, n. 34 (illustrated in color)
Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, Diego Rivera. Cátalogo General de Obra de Caballete, Mexico City, Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes, 1989, p. 48, n. 316 (illustrated)
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Diego Rivera, Dec. 23, 1931-Jan. 27, 1932, n. 14 (illustrated)
Mexico City, Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, Museo Nacional de Artes Plásticas, Diego Rivera, 1949, n. 129
New York, The Rockefeller University, Contemporary Mexican Art, 1965-1966, n. 15
Detroit, Detroit Institute of Arts, Diego Rivera: A Retrospective, Feb.10, 1986-Jan.10, 1988, p. 52, 341, n. 39, fig. 75 (illustrated in color). This exhibition later travelled to: Philadelphia, Philadelphia Museum of Art; Mexico City, Museo del Palacio de Bellas Artes; Berlin, Staatliche Kunsthalle Berlin, London, Hayward Gallery, South Bank Center
Madrid, Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Salas Pablo Ruíz Picasso, Diego Rivera, Retrospectiva, Feb.17-June 4, 1987, p. 54, 353, n. 43, fig. 75 (illustrated in color)

Lot Essay

En el viñedo, 1920 is a beautifully depicted image of two women gathering grapes in a vineyard. It was executed in Paris, after the artist's cubist period and his short quest in fauvist landscapes. In contrast, it is executed in a gentle and restrained palette in ochre and reds. Likewise, it is more realistic in style, leaving aside some of the cubist concerns with regard to the construction of space. In 1919, Rivera becomes very interested in Renoir's sensuous depiction of the subject and En el viñedo masterfully demonstrates this fascination. It also shows the artist's awareness of the every day as an important subject matter in modern art.

In 1921, Rivera returned to Mexico and was soon involved with the muralist activities supported by the Mexican government. En el viñedo apparently embodies some of the main aspects of Rivera's signature style, massive and well defined figures engaged in quotidian activities dominating the pictorial space. It also illustrates the master's quick and assertive brush-stroke as well as his use of colour and line to enhance the various volumes and planes in the composition.

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