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Gerard ter Borch (Zwolle 1582/3-1662)
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Gerard ter Borch (Zwolle 1582/3-1662)

Portrait of Hermanna van der Cruis (1615-1705), full-length, in a black dress by a table

Details
Gerard ter Borch (Zwolle 1582/3-1662)
Portrait of Hermanna van der Cruis (1615-1705), full-length, in a black dress by a table
oil on canvas
31 7/8 x 25 7/8 in. (81 x 65.7 cm.)
Provenance
By descent from the sitter to her great-grandson
Gerrit Gijsbert Jan van Suchtelen, burgemeester of Deventer, by whom bequeathed to his nephew (through his wife, Catharina Judith Umbgrove)
Wilhelm Umbgrove, Deventer, and by inheritance through his grandaughter's husband, A.J. Dijckmeester, Deventer, 1882, to
Mrs. Dijckmeester-Dumbar, Deventer, 1907.
C.F.L. de Wild, The Hague.
With F. Kleinberger, Paris (by whom presumably sold shortly before 1913, when the pendant was published by Hofstede as still being in his possession, to)
Sir Edgar Vincent, 1st Viscount d'Abernon, G.C.B, G.C.M.G. (1857-1941), Esher Place, Esher, and Stoke d'Abernon, Surrey, by 1913, by whom bequeathed to his widow
Helen, Viscountess d'Abernon (d. 1956); Christie's, London, 18 March 1955, lot 51 (to Welcker).
Anonymous Sale; Christie's, London, 10 July 1987, lot 34 (to Dreesmann).
Dr Anton C.R. Dreesmann (inventory no. A-64)
Literature
E.W. Moes, Iconographia Batava, Amsterdam, 1897, no. 1848.
C. Hofstede de Groot, A Catalogue Raisonné, etc., V, London, 1913, p. 78, no. 221.
S.J. Gudlaugsson, Gerard ter Borch, II, The Hague, 1960, no. 210/III.
N. McLaren, The Dutch School, National Gallery Catalogue, London, 1960, pp. 42-3.
Exhibited
Zwolle, 1882, no. 1183.
Deventer, 1901, no. 25.
Amsterdam, 1907, no. 1.
London, Grosvenor Gallery, Second National Loan Exhibition, 1913-4, no. 61.
London, Royal Academy, 17th Century Art in Europe, 3 January-12 March 1953, no. 258.
London, Royal Academy, Dutch Pictures 1450-1750, 22 November-1 March 1953, no. 416.
Special notice

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Lot Essay

The sitter is identified by an inscription on the reverse of the original canvas, recorded at the time of the picture's lining as reading 'Hermanna van der Cruis Weduwe van Abraham van Suchtelen'. Hermanna van der Cruis was the widow of Abraham van Suchtelen (1600-1661), burgomaster of Deventer, and was one of the richest citizens of that city with assets estimated in 1683 at 90,000 florins; in the same year her son (see below) was ranked third, with 45,000 florins (see H. Kronenburg, in Verslagen en Meded. Vereeniging tot Beoefening van Overijsselsch Regt en Geschiedenis, 1927, pp.l 73ff.).

Two other autograph versions of this portrait are known: that in the National Gallery, London, and that in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna; the London picture is regarded as the prime version. They are all dated by Gudlaugsson to the second half of the 1660s, with slight differences on the costume (for example the slightly narrower collar in the present picture in comparison with that in London) suggesting a tentative date of 1667-9 for the Vienna picture and 1669-70 for the present work. All three employ some studio assistance in the background details, whilst the Vienna picture also adds a still life on the table, painted by a different hand.

The present picture is slightly larger than the London and Vienna paintings (which measure 69.7 x 57.2 cm. and 62 x 50.5 cm. respectively). It is the companion picture to Ter Borch's Portrait of Neeltje van der Cruysse (fig. a; formerly J.P. Warburg Collection, New York; Gudlaugsson, op. cit, no. 211), who was Hermanna's elder (b. 1612) sister. In addition, both pictures correspond in size and date with Ter Borch's pair of portraits of Gerhard van Suchtelen (1640-1722) and Maria Wedeus (figs. b and c; 1642-1730; both Washington, D.C., Corcoran Gallery of Art; ibid., nos. 212-3), Hermanna's son and daughter-in-law, suggesting that Ter Borch was commissioned to return towards the end of the decade to paint Hermanna's family. Similar inscriptions to that recorded on the reverse of the present work are on the reverse of the two Van Suchtelen portraits.
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