Giovanni Schranz (Port Mahon, Menorca 1794-1882 Malta)
Giovanni Schranz (Port Mahon, Menorca 1794-1882 Malta)

The flagship, H.M.S. Asia, lying at anchor in the Grand Harbour, Valetta, Malta

Giovanni Schranz (Port Mahon, Menorca 1794-1882 Malta)
The flagship, H.M.S. Asia, lying at anchor in the Grand Harbour, Valetta, Malta
signed and inscribed 'View of the Harbour of Malta, with/Her Majesty's Ship Asia at Anchor - /by J. Schranz' (on a label attached to the stretcher) and with inscription 'H M S "Asia" in the Harbour of Malta/1838/Bequeathed by Admiral Hon. Ed. Curzon/son 2 2nd Lord S./to John Jordan/purchased by Lord C. of K. November 1921' (on another label attached to the stretcher)
oil on canvas
17 x 25 ½ in. (43.2 x 64.8 cm.)
The Hon. Admiral Edward Curzon.
John Jordan Esq.
Lord Curzon of Kedleston, 1921; and thence by descent through the family to the present owner.

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Lot Essay

H.M.S. Asia was a modified version of the 84-gun two-decker Formidable whose lines had been taken from the captured French Canopus and skillfully adapted by Sir William Seppings. One of her most distinctive features was Seppings' innovative rounded stern. Asia, along with her sisters Bombay (please see lots 27 & 29) and Ganges, was built in Bombay and constructed of Indian teak for longevity. Measured at 2,279 tons and classed as a Second Rate, she was 196 feet in length with a 51½ foot beam and mounted 84-guns, including a main armament of 32-32pdrs. on her gundeck. Ordered in 1819, her keel was laid in January 1822 and she was launched on 19th January 1824. Upon completion, she was sent to England and fitted out as flagship to Sir Edward Codrington, Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean, who took her out to join the fleet at Malta in 1826.

Under Captain Edward Curzon (1789-1862), her first taste of action was at Navarino in October 1827. All through the 1820s Greece had been trying to throw off Turkish rule and, by 1827, the three great powers - Britain, France and Russia - had formed an alliance to further this aim. In an attempt to secure a peaceful solution, Codrington was sent to negotiate with the Turkish Navy whose main fleet was lying in Navarino Bay, on the Morean coast of Greece. On 20th October 1827, he took his allied fleet into the bay in the hope of enforcing a truce merely by a show of strength but the plan had to be abandoned when Turkish ships opened fire and Codrington was forced to retaliate. A furious action then ensued which resulted not only in a Turkish defeat with extremely heavy losses but also the attainment of Greek Independence.

Asia was subsequently flagship in the Mediterranean on two further commissions, including from 1836-1841 under the command of Admiral Edward Curzon when this painting was commissioned. She also took part in the operations off the Syrian coast in 1840 and was then flagship to Admiral Hornby in the South Pacific (1847-52). After several years laid up at Portsmouth, she was made Guardship there in 1859 and survived until finally broken up in 1908.

Born in Port Mahon, Menorca in 1794, Giovanni was the son and pupil of Anton Schranz (1769-1839). Arguably the finest of the Schranz family of artists, he records this scene with meticulous attention to detail.

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