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Girard-Perregaux. An 18k Gold Detent Chronometer Hunter Case Pocket Watch
This lot is offered without reserve.
Girard-Perregaux. An 18k Gold Detent Chronometer Hunter Case Pocket Watch

SIGNED GIRARD-PERREGAUX, CHAUX DE FONDS, CASE NO. 58'575, CIRCA 1890

Details
Girard-Perregaux. An 18k Gold Detent Chronometer Hunter Case Pocket Watch
Signed Girard-Perregaux, Chaux de Fonds, Case No. 58'575, Circa 1890
Nickel-finished detent chronometer escapement, bi-metallic compensation balance, gold cuvette, white enamel dial, Roman numerals, sunken subsidiary seconds, engine-turned and monogrammed circular case, coin-edged band, hinged back, cuvette and dial signed, case and cuvette numbered
54mm diam.
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This lot is offered without reserve.

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Lot Essay

In 1852 Constant Girard founded the firm Girard & Cie. After marrying Marie Perregaux in 1856, he founded the Girard-Perregaux Manufacture in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. While Abraham Louis-Breguet invented the tourbillon, a device that rotates the escapement in a cage to compensate for timing errors brought on by gravity in a pocket watch, Girard-Perregaux refined it. He turned a technical element into one that also played an aesthetic role. His three bridge tourbillon used three parallel bridges to anchor the barrel, center wheel and tourbillon. This design won gold medals at the Paris World Exhibition in 1867 and 1889 as well as the Neuchatel Observatory prize in 1911.

The detent escapement is one of the most accurate and was often used in marine chronometers. Pierre Le Roy invented the first detached detent escapement, while the pivoted detent escapement was developed in France by L. Berthoud.

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