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Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi (1837-1887)
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Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi (1837-1887)

Portrait of a Admiral Login Loginovich Heyden

Details
Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi (1837-1887)
Portrait of a Admiral Login Loginovich Heyden
signed in Cyrillic and inscribed in Russian 'Kramskoi Siverskaia-O-rdezh' (lower right) and further inscribed and dated 'ORLINO 82' (lower left)
oil on canvas
30½ x 22½ in. (77.5 x 57 cm.)
Literature
S. N. Goldstein, Kramskoi, Moscow, 1965, p. 364, listed as 'whereabouts unknown'.
Exhibited
Probably exhibited in St. Petersburg, 10th Wanderers' Exhibition, 1882, no. 51.
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Lot Essay

Count Login Loginovich Heyden (1806-1901) joined the Baltic Fleet as a young boy and at the age of 15 was promoted to michman. In 1827, he served at the Battle of Navarin against the Turks where his father was in command of the Russian Squadron of the Allied Fleet. From 1840-45 he belonged to the Emperor's Suite and became Military Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the harbour of Revel in 1856, and in 1895 Heyden became a member of the State Council.
He was also designated to present the Imperial Crown at the Coronation of Alexander III and again at the Coronation of Nicholas II.
In 1892, he was awarded a diamond medallion enclosing the miniature portraits of Emperors Nicholas I, Alexander II and Alexander III for 50 years of service in the Admiralty ranks. For further biographical information on the sitter see The Military Encyclopedia, St. Peterburg, 1912, VII, p. 210. Ivan Kramskoi, one of the most talented Russian portraitists of the 19th Century, was among the leaders of the Peredvizhniki (Wanderers) who were opposed to dogmatism in art. The most valuable part of Kramskoi's artistic legacy is the portraits of his contemporaries, his best work being certainly the portrait of Nekrasov one the leading representatives of the intelligentsia of the 1870s painted in 1877 and now in the Tretiakov Gallery, Moscow.
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