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Jacob Jordaens (Antwerp 1593-1678)
Jacob Jordaens (Antwerp 1593-1678)

Saint Ives receiving supplicants

Jacob Jordaens (Antwerp 1593-1678) Saint Ives receiving supplicants oil on paper laid down on canvas 10 x 11 7/8 in. (25.4 x 30.1 cm.)
Étienne-Joseph-Théophile Thoré, Paris, until 1869.
Private collection, Paris, until 1870.
William T. Blodgett, Paris, by whom a half share sold to
John Taylor Johnston, New York, by whom sold to
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1871.
L. van Puyvelde, Jordaens, Paris, 1953, pp. 175-176, 195, no. 63.
R.-A. d'Hulst, Jordaens Drawings, London, 1974, I, p. 197, under no. A97.
A. Sérullaz, Rubens, ses maîtres, ses élèves, exhibition catalogue, Musée du Louvre, Paris, 1978, p. 144, under no. 157.
Jordaens in Belgisch bezit, exhibition catalogue, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp, 1978, p. 99, under no. 37.
W.A. Liedtke, Flemish Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1984, I, pp. 118-121; II, pl. 51.
J. Pope-Hennessy, 'Roger Fry and The Metropolitan Museum of Art,' Oxford, China, and Italy: Writings in Honour of Sir Harold Acton on his Eightieth Birthday, London, 1984, p. 231.
G. Jansen in Rubens and His Age, exhibition catalogue, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, 1990, p. 55, under no. 10.
F.S. Jowell, 'Thoré-Bürger's Art Collection: "A Rather Unusual Gallery of Bric-à-Brac",' Simiolus, XXX, 1/2, 2003, pp. 93-94, fig. 64.
K. Baetjer, 'Buying Pictures for New York: The Founding Purchase of 1871,' Metropolitan Museum Journal, XXXIX, 2004, pp. 169, 197, 214-215, 245, appendix 1A no. 132.
Montreal, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Images of the Saints, 5 March-4 April 1965, no. 78.
Ottawa, National Gallery of Canada, Jacob Jordaens, 1593-1678, 29 November 1968-5 January 1969, no. 84.

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Lot Essay

This oil sketch depicts Saint Ives (1253-1303), the patron saint of attorneys. Originally from Brittany, Ives trained as a lawyer at the University of Paris before eventually becoming an official for the Bishop of Tréguier. The present work was likely created at the request of jurists in Antwerp who established a Confraternity of Saint Ives in 1630. In the scene, Saint Ives sits on the right, bearded and magisterial, listening to the pleas of supplicants before him. Next to him stand two clerks who, like the viewers, observe the saint acting with the wise judgment and advocacy for the poor for which he was revered.

Around 1640, Jordaens produced this oil sketch as well as another of the same subject now in the Museum Boijmans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam (inv. no. 2292). No full-scale finished work corresponds exactly to the present sketch, although Jordaens did create a larger oil painting (Musées-Royaux Brussels. inv. no. 3439) and a tapestry cartoon (Paris, Louvre, inv. no. 20030) of a similar theme. The present work was part of the founding purchase of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1871.

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