Madame Elisabeth of France was the youngest sister of King Louis XVI of France. Devoted to her brother, she resisted marriage to a foreign royal in order to remain in France and during the French Revolution she stayed beside the king and queen at the Tuileries Palace in Paris until their execution in 1793. She faced the guillotine a year later. Meanwhile, her brother, Charles-Philippe, Comte d'Artois, fled France, first to Savoy and then to England where he was given refuge in London and Edinburgh and a generous allowance by King George III. He most likely met in London the recipient of the present miniature, Lady Mary Nugent whose home was Buckingham House, 91 Pall Mall, now the Royal Automobile Club. The daughter of Robert Cragges Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent and Elizabeth Drax, she married on 16 April 1775 Sir George Hugent-Temple-Grenville (1753-1813), later 1st Marquis of Buckingham Secretary of State and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.