Matthijs Maris (1839-1917)
Matthijs Maris (1839-1917)

The four mills

Matthijs Maris (1839-1917)
The four mills
signed with initials and dated 'M.M. 71.' (lower right)
oil on canvas
23 x 31 cm.
Kunsthandel Goupil & Cie., Paris, 1871, 5716, as: les Moulins.
The Viscount Powerscourt, 1872.
The Honourable Sir John C. Day, London, 1907; his Sale; Christie's, London, 13 May 1909, lot 77 (GBP 3.300).
Mr. A. Reid, Glasgow.
Mr. M. Sadler, Oxford, probably 1929.
Mr. I.M. Reid, Scotland, 1965.
C. Holme, D. Croal Thompson, 'The Brothers Maris', in: The Studio, 1907, M24, ill., as: The four mills.
Burlington Magazine, Vol. X, 1907, p. 35.
Exhibition Catalogue, French Gallery, London, 1909, 13, ill..
P. Haverkorn van Rijsewijk, 'Matthijs Maris te Wolfhezen en Lausanne', in: Onze Kunst, vol. 5, May 1918, p. 35, ill., as: De vier molens (Souvenir de La Haye).
H.E. van Gelder, Matthijs Maris, Paletserie, Antwerp 1939, p. 26, ill..
London, Guildhall Art Gallery, Exhibition of a selection of works by early and modern painters of the Dutch School, 28 April-25 July 1903, 73.
London, French Gallery, Paintings, drawings and etchings in the memorial exhibition of the works of Matthew Maris, November-December 1917, 1.
London, Barbizon House, Johannes Bosboom, Jozef Israels, the Maris brothers, Anton Mauve, January-February 1929, 423.
The Hague, Gemeente Museum/Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Maris tentoonstelling, 22 December 1935-8 March 1936, 183.
The Hague, Haags Gemeentemuseum, Meesters van de Haagse School, 18 June-13 September 1965, 61.
The Hague, Haags Gemeentemuseum, Matthijs Maris, 5 October 1974-3 January 1975, 85a.

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Lot Essay

After a difficult time in The Hague, Matthijs Maris joined his brother Jacob in Paris in 1869. During his stay in the French capital, the artist was forced to support himself financially and started to paint on a regular basis. Though he loathed painting for commercial purposes, Matthijs executed some of his most successful works during his Paris period ('Souvenir d'Amsterdam' (Rijksmuseum), 'Keukenmeisje' (Rijksmuseum H.W. Mesdag) and 'De Vlinders' (The Burrel Collection). The present lot was painted in 1871, the same year as 'Souvenir d'Amsterdam' in the collection of the Rijksmuseum, and was also painted from memory. It depicts the four mills in The Hague, near the Loosduinsebrug near the house of Maris' parents. It shows a broad canal with a bridge and a street (Westeinde) in The Hague. A French influence is clearly visible in the depiction of the village.

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