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MAYOW, John (1641-79). Tractatus quinque medico-physici. Quorum primus agit De Sal-nitro, et spiritu nitro-aereo. Secundus De respiratione. Tertius De respiratione foetus in utero, et ovo. Quartus De motu musculari, et spirtibus animalibus. Ultimus De Rhachitide, Oxford: Sheldonian Theatre, 1674, 8°, FIRST EDITION, engraved portrait frontispiece, 6 plates, 3 folding (two of the folding plates soiled and crumpled towards right hand of the sheet, the third slightly browned along old creaseline and with small segement torn from lower margin, title thumb-soiled, later leaves with dampstain at lower margins), contemporary calf (restored), spine in five plain compartments with raised bands (probably having lost its original lettering-pieces). [GM 578; Fulton Two Oxford Phyiologists 108; Norman 1474; Waller 6392; Wing M1537]

Details
MAYOW, John (1641-79). Tractatus quinque medico-physici. Quorum primus agit De Sal-nitro, et spiritu nitro-aereo. Secundus De respiratione. Tertius De respiratione foetus in utero, et ovo. Quartus De motu musculari, et spirtibus animalibus. Ultimus De Rhachitide, Oxford: Sheldonian Theatre, 1674, 8°, FIRST EDITION, engraved portrait frontispiece, 6 plates, 3 folding (two of the folding plates soiled and crumpled towards right hand of the sheet, the third slightly browned along old creaseline and with small segement torn from lower margin, title thumb-soiled, later leaves with dampstain at lower margins), contemporary calf (restored), spine in five plain compartments with raised bands (probably having lost its original lettering-pieces). [GM 578; Fulton Two Oxford Phyiologists 108; Norman 1474; Waller 6392; Wing M1537]

Lot Essay

GM: "Mayow was the first to locate the seat of animal heat in the muscles; he discovered the double articulation of the ribs with the spine and came near to discovering oxygen in his suggestion that the object of breathing was to abstract from the air a definite group of life-giving 'particles'. He was the first to make the definite suggestion that it was only a special fraction of the air that is of use in respiration. His Tractatus, embodying all his brilliant conclusions, is one of the best English medical classics." The portrait frontispiece, which is illustrated above, is attributed by Fulton to William Faithorne.
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