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RARE ET IMPORTANT STUPA EN SCHISTE GRIS
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RARE ET IMPORTANT STUPA EN SCHISTE GRIS

REGION DU GANDHARA, IIEME-IIIEME SIECLE

Details
RARE ET IMPORTANT STUPA EN SCHISTE GRIS
REGION DU GANDHARA, IIEME-IIIEME SIECLE
La base quadrangulaire ornée de deux niches sur chaque côté, deux d'entre elles comprenant une représentation du Bouddha Shakyamuni, les autres rehaussées de fleurs de lotus, supportant un large anneau circulaire sculpté d'un damier, le dôme composé de plusieurs registres à motifs floraux ou géométriques, la partie supérieure finement sculptée de trois rangées de pétales, le harmika surmonté de sept plaques circulaires formant le parasol ; restaurations
Hauteur: 79 cm. (31 in.)
Provenance
Acquired by the previous private collector in the late 1970's.
Special Notice

No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT payable at 19.6% (5.5% for books) will be added to the buyer’s premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis
Post Lot Text
A RARE AND IMPORTANT GREY SCHIST STUPA
GANDHARA REGION, 2ND/3RD CENTURY

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Lot Essay

The stupa is probably the most popular monument in early Buddhism and takes its origin from the burial mound. The earliest examples were constructed to store Buddha's ashes and relics. In due course they were built to store the remains of Buddha's famous disciples or holy manuscripts.

The building represents an architectural diagram of the cosmic world and consists of a base, a round drum, a hemispherical dome and a superstructure that consists of a square platform supporting a mast ornamented with a varying numbers of umbrellas gradually decreasing in size.

Although the presented object is a reliquary, it was created with all elements of a regular architectural stupa. The first examples were made with a circular base that later became square like the one under discussion. The umbrellas are a symbol of royalty and thus most appropriate for the crown of such a stupa. The empty cavity once contained smaller metal reliquaries or boxes that held the reliques.

For another reliquary stupa with seven umbrellas see Gandhara: Das buddhistische Erbe Pakistans, Legenden, Kloster und Paradiese, Ch. Luczanits (ed.), Verlag Philip von Zabern, Mainz 2008, p. 174.

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