Thomas Gainsborough, R.A. (Sudbury, Suffolk 1727-1788 London)
Thomas Gainsborough, R.A. (Sudbury, Suffolk 1727-1788 London)
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These lots have been imported from outside the EU … Read more FROM THE COLLECTION OF JEAN BONNA
Thomas Gainsborough, R.A. (Sudbury, Suffolk 1727-1788 London)

Open landscape with figures, horses and cart

Details
Thomas Gainsborough, R.A. (Sudbury, Suffolk 1727-1788 London)
Open landscape with figures, horses and cart
black chalk, black ink and grey wash, heightened with white on buff paper
11 x 14 3/8 in. (27.9 x 36.5 cm)
Provenance
George Guy, 4th Earl of Warwick (L.2600)
possibly his sale; Christie's, London, 20 May 1896, lot 139 (part) (10 gns to Shepherd).
Henry J. Pfungst; Christie's, London, 15 June 1917, lot 55 (47 gns to Seligmann).
Jacques Seligman & Co, New York, from whom purchased in the mid-1920s by
Alfred Ramage, and by descent to
Mrs Evelyn M. Horkan.
with Sayn-Wittgenstein, New York.
Literature
J. Hayes, The Drawings of Thomas Gainsborough, London, 1970, p. 230, no. 524.
Exhibited
London, Colnaghi's, 1906.
Lausanne, Fondation de l'Hermitage, De Raphael à Gauguin: Tresors de la collection Jean Bonna', 6 February-25 May 2015, no. 100.
Special notice

These lots have been imported from outside the EU for sale using a Temporary Import regime. Import VAT is payable (at 5%) on the Hammer price. VAT is also payable (at 20%) on the buyer’s Premium on a VAT inclusive basis. When a buyer of such a lot has registered an EU address but wishes to export the lot or complete the import into another EU country, he must advise Christie's immediately after the auction.

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Lot Essay

Hugh Belsey dates this drawing to the late 1770s. Gainsborough's portrait practice stalled after his move from Bath to London in 1774, giving the artist the opportunity to be more reflective and experimental. Making landscape drawings was a relaxation for him and at this time he developed the range and content of such works. The scalloped foliage and strong white highlights here are typical of this date.
This sheet has twice been sold in these Rooms; by the Earl of Warwick in 1896, and by Henry Pfungst in 1917. George Guy, 4th Earl of Warwick inherited a notable collection of art including that of his uncle, Sir Charles Greville (1763-1832). The 4th Earl continued to build on this, forming one of the most important collections of paintings, antiquities, sculpture and drawings in the country. When part of the Earl’s collection was sold in May 1896, eighteen drawings by Gainsborough (four portraits and fourteen landscapes) were included. Henry Pfungst was a wine merchant and collector, a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries who owned nearly eighty Gainsborough drawings. He gave a number of items to several different departments of the British Museum, and a collection of prints to the Berlin Kupferstichkabinett.
We are grateful to Hugh Belsey for his help in preparing this catalogue entry.

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