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Wayne Thiebaud (b. 1920)
Wayne Thiebaud (b. 1920)

Jawbreaker Machine

Wayne Thiebaud (b. 1920)
Jawbreaker Machine
signed and dated twice and numbered 'A.P. Thiebaud 1990' (lower edge)
pastel on linocut
image: 21 1/2 x 16 in. (54.6 x 40.6 cm.)
sheet: 30 3/8 x 22 1/2 in. (30.3 x 22.5 cm.)
Executed in 1990.
Campbell-Thiebaud Gallery, San Francisco
Mr. and Mrs. Allan Stone, New York
Allan Stone Gallery, New York
Acquired from the above by the present owner
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco; Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth; Washington, D.C., National Museum of American Art and Palm Beach, Norton Gallery of Art, Vision and Revision: Hand-Colored Prints by Wayne Thiebaud, December 1992-May 1993, p. 77 (illustrated).
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Please note the correct medium is pastel on linocut.

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Saara Pritchard
Saara Pritchard

Lot Essay

Upon first encountering one of Wayne Thiebaud's candy machine paintings in 1963, Barnett Newman exclaimed, "All those globes of colored beauty, and for a penny, out comes something sweet and wonderful!" (Barnett Newman quoted in Wayne Thiebaud; A Paintings Retrospective, exh. cat., Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, 2000, p. 20). Indeed, much like a child delights in the magical transformation of a dingy penny into a delectable round candy, in Jawbreaker Machine, Thiebaud relishes his ability to transform a commonplace object into a site of nostalgia and beauty, while remaining refreshingly uncomplicated and digestible. Banal enough to allow the artist to concentrate on the structure, color, and texture of the object, yet psychologically loaded with its capability to trigger childhood reminiscence and hint at American consumer culture, the candy machine is emblematic of Thiebaud's delicate balance between the concrete, the abstract, and the conceptual. With the use of colored pastels, Thiebaud demonstrates his mastery of a variety of mediums, saturating the paper with juicy layers of color in warm and cool tones, juxtaposed to create a glowing bouquet of color and contour. The result is a mouth-watering orchestration of round forms that demands quiet reflection, yet simultaneously asks to be plucked up and consumed.

Thiebaud's iconic studies of common American foodstuffs draw upon both the traditional and the contemporary. While working in the tradition of still-life painting, Thiebaud meditates on the beauty of form and color in the vein of his Abstract Expressionist contemporaries but uses the subject matter associated with Pop Art of mass production and consumption. While small in scale, Jawbreaker Machine elevates the readily-available, democratic object to a state of artistic aristocracy by isolating it; a Duchampian gesture. By depicting the familiar image of the candy machine, Thiebaud takes the genre of still life off its pedestal and allows the viewer to revel in the simple pleasure of seeing, to appreciate the shapes for their beauty, and to be thrilled by their effervescent color. Instead of relying on an overtly sensational image of something special or strange in order to create emotion, Thiebaud prefers the use of a familiar object, creating an enchanting sense of nostalgia as one recalls the inexpensive pleasure of a being a kid in a candy store with a penny in their pocket.

In Jawbreaker Machine, Thiebaud does away with the brush in exchange for brightly colored pastels, revealing the immediacy yet control of his touch. His remarkable handling of line, form, and color demonstrates his mastery over the medium while retaining a charming childlike quality, reminiscent of the pleasure a child takes in pressing crayons against the pages of a coloring book. With the pastel's capability of being smudged, blended, rubbed, or layered, the effect is at once intangible and palpable. The texture vacillates between light areas of gently rubbed color, heavy outlines, and velvety applications of pigment built up to create the effect of a succulent candy. Furthermore, the white of the background and the front of the machine are matched in shade, so that the machine moves at once forward and back into space. Calculated intervals of flattened planes of color and modulated forms create a pattern of flavorful geometry, resulting in a visually rich experience triggered by a small, simple object.

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