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William Ilbery. An exceptional 18K gold and enamel openface centre seconds duplex watch with enamel by Jean-François-Victor Dupont, made for the Chinese market
William Ilbery. An exceptional 18K gold and enamel openface centre seconds duplex watch with enamel by Jean-François-Victor Dupont, made for the Chinese market


William Ilbery. An exceptional 18K gold and enamel openface centre seconds duplex watch with enamel by Jean-François-Victor Dupont, made for the Chinese market Signed Ilbery, London, No. 6044, enamel signed Dupont f. 1815, circa 1815 Finely chased and engraved floral and scroll decorated gilt-finished keywound duplex movement, finely engraved floral and scroll decorated 14K gold cuvette, white enamel dial, Roman numerals, centre seconds, circular case, polychrome champlevé enamel floral and geometrical decorated bezel, rim, pendant and bow, back decoarted with a finely painted polychrome enamel scene after John Hoppner's "The Frankland Sisters", signed Dupont f. 1815, movement signed Ilbery London 6044 59 mm. diam.
Galerie d'Horlogerie Ancienne, Vente aux Enchères IV, Geneva, 30 January 1977, lot 257.

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Dr. Nathalie Monbaron
Dr. Nathalie Monbaron

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Lot Essay

The watch offered here for sale is an exceptional timepiece made for the Chinese market. It impressively combines the work of two of the most celebrated artists of their time: the high quality movement of the watchmaker William Ilbery of London and the lavish gold case distinguished by the magnificence of the finely painted enamel miniature signed by the Genevan enamellist Jean-François-Victor Dupont.

This museum-worthy masterpiece is furthermore prominently illustrated and described in Emailmalerei auf Genfer Taschenuhren vom 17. bis zum beginnenden 19. Jahrhundert by Hans Boeckh, 1982 (pp. 229 - 234, pl. 67, ill. 156 & 157). Boeckh compliments Dupont's work as one of the exceedingly rare examples featuring not only the artist's signature but also the year of its creation, "Dupont f. 1815", rendering the watch nearly a "crown witness" for the collaboration between Geneva and London. He furthermore praises the extraordinarily delicacy and the intenseness of the enamel miniature's colour shading.

William Ilbery or Ilbury (c1760-1851) was a celebrated watchmaker from London, renowned for his exceptional timepieces made for the Chinese market. In 1836 Ilbery settled in Fleurier, left to Macao in 1839 and then to Canton. There he was known to have become friendly with Bovet and they met regularly, even though they were rivals not only in business but also in their private lives. Both were courting Anna Vaucher, daughter of Charles-Henry Vaucher of Fleurier, one of Bovet's competitors in Canton. Ilbery was in fact engaged to Anna Vaucher and even though he was constantly on travels Anna remained faithful to him and resisted the proposals of Bovet who hoped one day to win her over. Sadly no marriage ever took place since Anna became ill and died in 1845.

Ilbery's early watches were very much in the English style, fitted with full plate movements and duplex escapements. His later movements showed the influence of the free standing barrels of the Lepine calibre as used in Jaquet Droz's Swiss production signed in London and that of William Anthony, who worked in London. William Anthony (1764 - 1844), another celebrated watchmaker of his day, was sixteen years senior to Ilbery. He influenced greatly the latter's work and contributed substantially to the development of Chinese watches, however it is still William Ilbery who is known as the "father" of the Chinese watches.

The cases Ilbery used for his timepieces were always of highest quality, lavishly decorated by the best Genevan enamellists of the time, notably Jean-François-Victor Dupont.

Jean-François-Victor Dupont (1785-1863), a celebrated enamel painter working in Geneva, was famous for his portraits of eminent personalities (King George IV, Henry VI among others), as well as decoration of watches and boxes for the Chinese market. He worked frequently with Ilbery, Piguet & Meylan, Rochat Frères and others. Examples of his work can be found in the world's most renowned museums, notably Geneva's Patek Philippe Museum.

The enamel miniature on the present watch is after "The Frankland Sisters", 1795, by the British painter John Hoppner (1758-1810), oil on canvas, 155 x 125 cm, Andrew W. Mellon Collection.

For biographical and historical information on William Ilbery, the inventor of the Chinese calibre, see La Montre Chinoise by Alfred Chapuis, pp. 180 - 184, including also the illustration of a similarly decorated gold cuvette (p. 182, pl. 147).

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