SPANISH BINDING -- pseudo-HEGESIPPUS. De rebus à Iudaeorum principibus in obsidione fortiter gestis ... libri V, translated by St. Ambrose. Cologne: Joannes Soter, 1530.
2° (304 x 200mm). Title and a1r with woodcut borders. Woodcut initials, some historiated. (Some waterstaining to quires k-m, k3v and k4r also slightly soiled.) Mid 17th-century Spanish crimson goatskin, outer roll-tool border of dolphin heads enclosing on the upper cover the gilt-blocked arms of Don Felipe Ramirez de Guzman, Duke of Medina de las Torres impaled with those of his second wife Anna Caraffa, Duchess of Sabbioneta, surrounded by an acrologic inscription, and on the lower cover the emblematic 'impresa' or device of three plants growing between reeds or grass with a starry sky and legend 'Revolvta Foecundant' within a shield and the same acrologic inscription, spine gilt-lettered and tooled, gilt edges (worm traces and chip marks on covers, upper joints slightly rubbed and split), modern cloth case. Provenance: Duke of Medina de las Torres (binding) -- Sir William Godolphin (1634?-1696, inscription on title) -- [Quaritch collation note at end; purchased from H.D. Lyon, 1993].
FINE EXAMPLE OF A SPANISH ARMORIAL AND EMBLEMATIC BINDING on a work actually written by a fourth century translator of Josephus. Felipe Guzman, Duke of Medina de las Torres, was Viceroy of Naples 1637-1644. This book was bound after 1645 when he succeeeded to the titles and estates (and began using the acrologic inscription) of his first wife's father, Gaspar de Guzman, Conde-Duque de Olivares. Oldham Shrewsbury School Library Bindings p. 120 gives a full description of the arms, the letters in the inscription standing for: 'Comitatui grandatum ducatum ducatum marchionatum marchionatum arcis hispalensis perpetuam praefecturam magnam Indiarum chancellariatum primam Guzmanorum lineam addidit' (C and G being transposed towards th end). The letters 'FEI' stand for: 'Fortuna etiam invidente.' Sir William Godolphin, Envoy Extraordinary 1669-1671 and ambassador at Madrid 1671-1678, purchased Guzman's fine library en bloc. Having been implicated in the Popish plot, he chose to remain in Spain openly professing the Catholic faith, but many books in the library eventually found their way back to England. Adams H-148.