This head exemplifies the tradition of fine terracotta sculpture produced in the Greek colonies of South Italy, particularly in Taranto, during the late 5th-3rd centuries B.C. See, for example, the lifesized head of a goddess from the Museo Archeologico, Taranto, p. 376, cat. no. 284 in Caratelli, ed., The Western Greeks. As Rolley informs ("Sculpture in Magna Graecia" in Caratelli, ed., op. cit., p. 376.), the terracotta sculpture of the 4th century B.C. that was being produced in Tarentum was closely reflecting what was happening in Mainland Greece.