A. D. Trendall, The Red-Figured vases of Lucania, Campania and Sicily, Oxford 1967, p. 39, no. 168 (85).
This vase was produced in Lucania, an ancient district of Southern Italy. Attic pottery dominated the export market in the 5th Century B.C. and was so popular that local South Italian workshops or 'schools' developed, strongly influenced by Attic style but producing exclusively for local markets. It is attributed to the Amykos Painter, one of the finest Lucanian painters, who takes his name from the representation of the punishment of Amykos on the shoulder of a vessel in the Cabinet des Médailles in Paris. He was active at the end of the 5th Century B.C., working from around 430 to 400 B.C.; over half of his extant vases are bell-kraters.