Anatolian idols such as the present example have been understood as mother goddess figures. During the Early Bronze Age, they were made out of a variety of materials, such as stone, clay, bronze and gold. They are characterized by their schematic rendering, a simplicity that can be traced back to the beginning of the Neolithic Age. This trend uniquely continues long after their Mediterranean neighbors adopt a more elaborate and naturalistic sculptural program. It is possible to distinguish regional variations and chronological developments in these schematic depictions.
This idol is part of the second phase of development, beginning in 2700 B.C. that took place in southwestern Anatolia, with details such as arms and a side lock of hair now summarily rendered. Thimme coins the Kusura-Beycesultan variety based on the find spot of no. 512 in Art and Culture of the Cyclades, pp. 386 and 560, which shares the similar outline of the Kusura-type. For other examples of the variety see nos. 513-515 in Thimme, op cit.