The inscription in the larger medallion reads nasr min Allah wa fath qarib. That in the smaller gives the name of the patron as Safdar Jang Bahadur.
An identical blade made by Muhammad Baqir Mashhadi for the Mughal Vizier Safdar Jang Bahadur, governor of Oudh from 1739 to 1756, and dated 1750 AD is in the Furusiyya Art Foundation Collection. Three other blades signed by this maker are in the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Nour Foundation (Bashir Mohamed, The Arts of the Muslim Knight, Milano, 2007, p. 85, cat. 49).