The Mir'at al-Haramayn of Ibrahim Rif'at Pasha (1857-1935) is an important work discussing the Hajj and Hejaz. It was first published in 1925, in two volumes, and is profusely illustrated with photographs the author took of the region himself.
The German orientalist and specialist of the history of Arab medicine, Max Meyerhof, in the 1927 magazine Isis notes that "this new publication [..] is remarkable in that it is the first detailed account of the holy places of Islam to be written by an educated and pious Muslim. The author, an Egyptian major-general, has completed the pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina four times [...], in 1901 as commander of the military escort of the Egyptian pilgrims, and in 1903, 1904 and 1908 in the high office of "commander of the Pilgrimage" (amir al-hajj) [...]. At the same time, he was able to take a great many photographs [..]. He says in his foreword that he has written his book with the purpose of instructing the Muslims of the East and of the West in the geography and history of the Holy Places and in the religious duties to be performed during the pilgrimage (Vol.9, No.1, February 1927, pp.130-133).
Muhammad 'Ali Efendi Sau'di was twice Rif'at Pasha's companion during the Hajj as well as being an accomplished photographer. He documented the Holy Cities and took the first stereographic views of Mecca and Medina in 1904 and 1908. For a detailed study of his work, see Robert Graham, Farid Kioumgi, A Photographer on the Hajj, The Travels of Muhammad 'Ali Effendi Sa'udi (1904-1908), Cairo, 2009
Ibn Kararah, whose Hajj certificate is included in this lot, was an Egyptian dentist and surgeon. He opened one of the first, if not the first, dental practices in Mecca and published many books on Islam, the Hajj, Islamic law, and the history of the two Holy Shrines.