APIAN, Philipp (1531-1589). Bairische Landtafeln XXIII. Ingolstadt: [the author], 1568.
2° (373 x 255mm). Title with hand-coloured woodcut arms of Bavaria and title partly in gilt. Double-page hand-coloured woodcut index-map and 24 double-page hand-coloured woodcut maps on 22 sheets by Jost Amman, Wolf Strauss and H.F. after Apian and Amman, with letterpress text on the versos. (Some light spotting or marking, a few small paper-flaws, some neat marginal repairs of tears or wormholes, not affecting text, title trimmed at head affecting one word, skilfully repaired, skilfully-repaired small hole on map 15.) A remboîtage into contemporary German blind-stamped pigskin-covered wooden boards, brass fore-edge clasps (rubbed and scuffed, some worming, small damages and neat repairs, clasps defective). Provenance: early annotations and additions to margins and maps, some erased -- Bibliothek Lossen (inkstamp on verso of keymap).
FIRST EDITION, MAPS WITH EARLY COLOURING. APIAN'S IMPORTANT AND RARE 'PIONEERING TOPOGRAPHIC MAP' (Karrow, p. 64). Philipp Apian was the son of the celebrated cartographer Peter Apian, who held the position of Geographer and Astronomer Royal at Ingolstadt, and he succeeded his father as Professor of Mathematics at Ingolstadt University in 1552. In 1554 he was commissioned by Duke Albrecht V (the dedicatee of this work) to undertake his great survey of Bavaria, which lasted until 1561, and resulted in his 1563 manuscript map 'Ein neue Beschreibung des Fürstenthums Ober- und Neider Bairn' (destroyed in 1782 and only known through a copy destroyed during World War II). The manuscript map was some five metres square and composed of 40 sheets; Albrecht requested that Apian reproduce the work on a more convenient scale, and the present work was the result. Apian's map was engraved by Strauss and embellished with decorative elements by the celebrated wood-engraver Jost Amman, whose monogram appears on sheet 22. Although the first sheets of the map were published in Munich in 1566, Apian transferred the printing to his father's press in Ingoldstadt, where the finished work (24 woodcut sheets forming a map some 170cm square) was published. This was followed by further editions; this copy can be identified as the first by the presence of the engravers' signatures and the date on map 24, and the titling of the map and the index map. 'The Apian map of Bavaria was an extraordinary achievement. As a survey based on triangulation, it was quite precocious; as a topographic survey of an entire country and as a model of modern topographic maps issued in uniform sheets, it was the first. Its inherent accuracy and detail ensured that it would remain a useful map, in different guises, for a very long time indeed' (Karrow, p. 66). BM Maps II, 451 (with text on versos); Karrow 8/2a-b; New Hollstein German Jost Amman, Book Illustrations, 42; Nordenskiöld 6 (without text on versos).