BARBARUS, Hermolaus (1453-93). Castigationes Plinianae et Pomponii Melae. Rome: Eucharius Silber, 24 November 1482, 13 February 1493.
Super-chancery 2° (311 x 220mm). Collation: a-z8 aa-bb8 cc10 A-I8 K-L6 a-e8 f6 g8 (a1r blank, a1v Barbaro's address to Pope Alexander VI, a3r text, L6r first colophon, L6v blank, a1r Plinianae castigationes secundae. - in Pomponium Melae, d1r gloss, g8r second colophon, register, g8v blank). 348 leaves. 39 lines and headline in part one, 48 lines in part two. Type: 4:109R1, 2:88R2, 109Gk. 4- to 5-line initial spaces with guide-letter, initial opening text supplied in pink. (Small wormholes at beginning and end, occasional light spotting, mostly marginal, short marginal tear in first leaf.) 18th-century vellum-backed patterned-paper boards, spine lettered in ink (lightly rubbed, tears at spine). Provenance: A.S. (early coat-of-arms flanked by initials A S at foot of a3 and B1r) -- Coccini (17th-century note of bequest) -- "Ucolini ?Marco" (17th-century inscriptions) -- Rome, Jesuits (stamps, labels).
FIRST EDITION of Barbaro's corrections of Pliny. His defence of Pliny from the attack of Leoniceno concerned itself with philological rather than medical or botanical argument and was based on a thorough examination of Pliny's Greek sources. He made over 5000 corrections to the received text of the Historia naturalis, nearly all of which were subsequently accepted. A large, fresh copy. HC *2421; GW 3340; BMC IV, 113 (IB.18955); CIBN B-71; BSB-Ink. B-58; Bod.-Inc. B-046; Klebs 143.1; Stillwell Awakening 592; Goff B-100.