BARTHOLINUS, Thomas (1616-1680). De Unicornu observationes novae. Amsterdam: H. Wetstenius, 1678.
12° (145 x 90mm). Engraved additional title by Romeyn de Hooghe, engraved folding plate, 20 full-page and 3 engraved illustrations in the text, wood-engraved device on title, head- and tailpieces, and initials. (Very light staining on L3-L5, occasional faint spotting.) Original marbled-paper covered boards, paper spine label with ink manuscript, uncut (rubbed). Provenance: F.J. (small circular ink stamp on front pastedown -- Antonio de Almeida Correa (oval blind stamp on front free endpaper).
SECOND EDITION, REVISED, BUT THE FIRST ILLUSTRATED EDITION. IT INCLUDES A FRONTISPIECE BY ROMEYN DE HOOGHE, A FOLDING PLATE, 19 FULL-PAGE AND 3 TEXT ILLUSTRATIONS.
It depicts the first rhinoceros ever imported into Europe, in Lisbon in 1515: the image is engraved after Dürer. (Blay, La Science classique, p. 559).
The New Observations on the Unicorn, first published in Padua in 1645, includes historical, mythological and religious sources, as well as an examination of known one-horned animals, such as the rhinoceros, the narwhal, the rhinoceros beetle and the hawk moth caterpillar. It is also, in part, an essay on the likelihood of the existence of unicorns, drawing on available evidence. Thomas Bartholin was Professor of Medicine at the University of Copenhagen' (australianmuseum.net.au/blogspot).
NLM/Krivatsy 822; Osler 1953; Welcome II, 107; Soultrait 17th century 19.