BAUDELAIRE, Charles (1821-1867). Les Fleurs du mal. Seconde édition augmentée de trente-cinq poèmes nouveaux. Paris: Poulet-Malassis et de Broise, 1861.
12° (183 x 115 mm). With the half-title, etched frontispiece portrait by Bracquemond on Chine. Red morocco by Simier, six spine compartments with raised bands ruled in blind, double blind rule on sides, gilt turn-ins, top edge gilt, others uncut. Provenance: presentation copy to Gustave Rouland (two-line presentation inscription signed ‘Ch. Baudelaire’, followed by an 11-line autograph bibliographical note, in pencil, on half-title, with new pieces marked in the ‘table’ at end) – Jacques Guérin (1902-2000; sale Paris pt. II, 1985, no. 19) – Daniel Sicklès (second sale Drouot, Paris, 28 November 1989, lot 279).
A SUPERB PRESENTATION COPY, ON LARGE PAPER, OF THE SECOND GREATLY ENLARGED EDITION.
Charles Baudelaire and his publisher Auguste Poulet-Malassis were sued for 'immorality' in 1857 for the publication of Les Fleurs du Mal. Six poems were censored. This second edition, the last one to be published during the author's lifetime, included 35 new poems and an engraved portrait of Baudelaire by Bracquemond, printed on China paper, as a frontispiece.
AN EXCEPTIONAL AUTOGRAPH INSCRIPTION TO GUSTAVE ROULAND, THE SON OF THE MINISTER OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION WHO WAS PART OF THE GOVERNMENT WHICH SUED BAUDELAIRE.
In his full-page pencil inscription, Baudelaire lists the titles of the censored poems, adding: 'J'ai marqué à la table toutes les pièces nouvelles. Toutes les anciennes ont été remaniées' [I noted in the index all the new poems. All the others were revised]. Baudelaire and Rouland's son were friendly; the latter clearly respected the poet, given the fine binding he commissioned from Jean Simier. In June 1857, Gustave Rouland's father granted Baudelaire a 200-franc pension for his translation of Edgar Allan Poe; this was not revoked after Baudelaire's condemnation, and the ministry even confirmed it later.
This exceptional copy belonged to two of the finest collectors of French literature in the 20th century: Jacques Guérin and Daniel Sicklès.