BOOK OF HOURS, use of Chalon-sur-Saône, in Latin, illuminated manuscript on vellum [France, perhaps Chalon-sur-Saône, c.1480]
An example of provincial French book production, tailored to a specific locale; liturgically far more unusual than books for the use of Rome or Paris in a 16th-century binding.
(1) Made for use in Chalon-sur-Saône: in addition to the liturgical use of the Hours, the calendar includes St Vincent (to whom the cathedral is dedicated) and his Invention, both in red (22 January and 23 September), the former with an octave, and three of its bishops: Lupus (27 January), Gratus (8 October), and Verus (20 October). The first(?) owner attached pilgrim-badges to f.12. (2) MAURICE BURRUS, no 17, with his bookplate but not his usual acquisition note.
Calendar ff.1-12v; most of the following texts are imperfect and lack at least their first leaf: Gospel extracts ff.13-14v; Obsecro te ff.15-16v, O intemerata and other prayers ff.17-23v; Hours of the Virgin, use of Chalon-sur-Saône, ff.24-67v; Hours of the Cross ff.68-69v; Hours of the Holy Spirit ff.70-72v; suffrages f.72v, including St Vincent, f.78v; Penitential Psalms and Litany ff.82-94v; collect f.94v.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION AND CONDITION:
213 x 140mm, i + 94 + i leaves, 17 lines, ruled space: 125 x 75mm. Illuminated with one full border of stylised foliage, and illuminated initials throughout (lacking numerous leaves including almost all those with major illumination, and probably an Office of the Dead at the end). The sewing perhaps original; bound in 16th-century dark brown calf with stamped gilt designs, each cover with lozenges, the spine compartments each with a rampant lion, stamped sideways, described in a note on the front pastedown as the salamander of François I when he was duc d’Angoulême (generally worn, with most of the gilding now gone, the joints cracking, and the base of the spine defective).