9 December 2009
CADENA DE VILHASANTI, Pedro de (17th century). Beschreibung des Portugiesischen Amerika vom Cudena. Ein Spanisches Manuscript in der Wolfenbüttelschen Bibliothek. Edited by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729-1781), with a commentary by Christian Leiste (1738-1815). Brunswick: Waysenhaus, 1780.
8o (180 x 108 mm). (Some browning, minor marginal worming.) Contemporary half calf. Provenance: Christian Ernst, Graf zu Stolberg (1691-1771; armorial bookplate, dated 1721, and ink stamp on title); Joaquim de Sousa-Leao, Brazilian historian, diplomat and bibliophile (bookplate, dated 1927).
FIRST EDITION, printing this 17th-century Portuguese manuscript on Brazil. "Pedro Cudena, a Spaniard, who resided several years in the Brazils, wrote, in 1634 an account of that country, which had not been published, and a copy having been found in the Wolfenbuttel library, it was printed, with a German translation and notes, by Leiste. It is said to be a curious and interesting work..." (Sabin). Lessing used the manuscript to support his incorrect theory on the naming and discovery of the Amazon. One of the few German books on Brazil prior to Humboldt. Borba de Moraes I, p.141; Sabin 17830.
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