24 June 2009
[CALIFORNIA]. KINO, Eusebio Francisco (1645-1711). Passage Par Terre a la Californie Decouvert par le Rev. Pere Eusebe-Francois Kino Jesuite depuis 1698 jusqu'a 1701 ou on le voit encores les Nouvelles Missions des PP. de la Compaga. De Jesus. Paris, [1705 or later].
Engraved map (255 x 223mm.), slightly shaved along left-hand edge where once bound. A fine, crisp and probably early impression.
THE END OF CALIFORNIA AS AN ISLAND. The first map to accurately depict the lower California region (showing it as a peninsula rather than an island), and to give correct positions of the Colorado River, the Gila River, the Sonoran desert and much of present-day Arizona. Kino's map, engraved by Inselin from a manuscript sent to Paris from Madrid, was first published in a collection of Jesuit reports Lettres Edifiantes et Curieuses (Paris, 1705); the plate was re-used in subsequent editions. From the outset convinced that California was an island, Kino only abandoned that idea after it was disproved by his extensive explorations of the region. "After the publication of Kino's map of 1705 his idea was generally accepted by cartographers, and very few thereafter continued to delineate California as an island," Wagner notes.
Wheat, Transmississippi West 89; Wagner, Northwest Coast 483; Schwartz, This Land, plate 86; Schwartz & Ehrenberg, plate 75.
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