5 April 2016
CHARLEVOIX, Pierre François Xavier De (1682-1761). Histoire et Description Generale de la Nouvelle France avec Le Journal Historique d'un Voyage fait par ordre du Roi dans l'Amérique Septentrionnale. Paris: Veuve Ganeau, 1744.
3 volumes, 4° (255 x 196 mm). Half-titles. Titles printed in red and black. 28 engraved maps or plans, 25 of these double-page or folding, and 44 engraved plates on 22 folding sheets; engraved vignettes and cul-de-lampes (Carte de la partie Orientale de la Nouvelle France ou du Canada map with 5-in. tear repaired on verso, some occasional short tears/creases to the folds of folding maps, affecting approximately 10 maps). (Lacking Ddddd4 blank in vol. 2, a few occasional ruststains affecting a few letters, small marginal dampstain at foot of a few leaves in vol. 2.) Modern brown calf, spine gilt, by Sangorski & Sutcliffe (a few minor scuffs).
FIRST EDITION OF THE FIRST GENERAL HISTORY OF CANADA, published by the widow of Ganeau; the first edition was issued under 5 printers in 1744, with no priority. Charlevoix landed at Quebec, and surveyed the French settlements and trade routes along the St. Laurent and Mississippi valleys. Volume II includes a lengthy description of numerous plants, many native to Canada. His Nouvelle France "is one of the best authorities concerning various Indian tribes, some of which no longer exist. The laborious accuracy with which the work was executed can be estimated by the fact that the maps, dated 1743, are marked with the latest discoveries, in 1742, in the extreme north of America" (Lande). The maps, including the important map of North America, are by Nicholas Bellin. The "Chronology" is here bound in volume II. One of the best works on Canada (LeClerc). Alden & Landis 744/53; Howes C-307; JCB (1) III:763; Lande 125; Le Clerc 698; Sabin 12135.
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