ERASMUS, Desiderius (1469-1536). La civilité puerile a laquelle avons adiousté la discipline et instruction des enfans. Aussi La doctrine et enseignemens du pere de famille à la jeunesse. Paris: Mahiel Du Boys for Claude Micard, 1582.
8° (156 x 92mm). Printed in civilité type B1 cut by Philippe Danfrie, publisher's device on title [Renouard 775], metalcut headpiece, calligraphic tailpiece, cast ornamental initials. (Lightly washed.) Green morocco janseniste by Cuzin, gilt edges. Provenance: Henry Bordes, Bordeaux (1841-1911, bookplate) -- Gumuchian & Cie, Les Livres de l'enfance du XVe au XIXe siècle, no. 1754, pl. 6 -- Alice Millard, 1933 (inscription) -- Countess Estelle Doheny (bookplate; sale Christie's NY, 21 February 1989, lot 1899).
Fourth edition printed in civilité type. First known as lettre françois, types imitating a French national handwriting were first cut by Robert Granjon in 1557. Philippe Danfrie's types made their first appearance the following year; the present edition is printed with his first civilité type. The name "civilité" derives from their use for printing the Civilité puerile. The printer recommends his type to the reader in the preface, stating that youth will profit not only from the content of the book, but from the letters too, "as being the writing proper to their language". The Civilité puerile is an adaptation of Erasmus' De civilitate morum puerorum libellus, here translated into French by the Protestant Jean Louveau, who stripped the text of any Catholic sentiments. Louveau was the translator of the very first book printed in a civilité type, and Protestantism continued to be linked to the typeface.
RARE; no other copy has sold at auction in over 30 years, nor has any other 16th-century civilité edition of this work. Carter and Vervliet, Civilité types, 1966, p. 58, figs. 9, 11, 31, Appendix 212 (citing this copy).