16 June 2016
PROPERTY FROM THE CHARLES E. SIGETY COLLECTION
EVANS, Lewis (ca 1700-1756). A general Map of the Middle British Colonies in America. Philadelphia: Engraved by Jas. Turner and sold by R. Dodsley, London and by the Author, Philadelphia, 1755.
ENGRAVED MAP PRINTED ON SILK of North America, image 495 x 667 mm (565 x 683 mm sheet). (Mounted on linen, some splitting, light chipping especially along edges.) Framed (not examined out of frame).
"ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT MAPS PUBLISHED IN AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE" (Schwartz and Ehrenberg) in a rare printing on silk. Second state of the map, with "The Lakes Cataraqui" added just north of Lake Ontario; The map was issued both with and without the Analysis, in which Evans carefully acknowledges his sources.
Evans's map was a masterpiece of cartographic synthesis, incorporating information from his own observation with that from the best available sources. His intense study of sources was distilled into this ambitious performance, which builds upon the work which had resulted in his Map of Pennsylvania, New-Jersey, New-York, and the three Delaware Counties of 1754. For Virginia, Evans consulted an early state of Fry and Jefferson's Map of the most inhabited part of Virginia and William Mayo's Map of the Northern Neck of Virginia. From the Fry and Jefferson, Evans adjusted the longitudinal position of the Potomac River and added the area claimed by the Ohio Company to Pennsylvania. He also consulted Walter Hoxton's Mapp of the Bay of Chesepeack, with the Rivers, Potomack, Potapasco, North East, and part of Chester for his delineation of Chesapeake Bay. His sources for Connecticut were the maps of William Douglas and Thomas Pownall (to whom Evans dedicates the map in the upper left panel). Pritchard & Taliaferro 34; Sabin 23175; Schwartz & Ehrenberg p.165; Stevens Nuggets I:1019; The World Encompassed 255.
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