7 December 2015
FRANKLIN, Benjamin. Document signed ("B. Franklin"), signed as Speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly. "A New Levy for the Crown," 30 May 1764. Also signed by John Penn as governor. 86 pages, folio. leaves fastened at upper corner. Edges worn and chipped, brittle and browned, dampstained. Six leaves separated at folds. In a morocco gilt folding case.
THE CONESTOGA MASSACRE prompted this legislative response--a war tax--by Pennsylvania. "Whereas many barbarous Invasions have been made on several of His Majesty's Colonies in America, & on the frontiers of this province in particular, by...Parties of the Northern & Western Indians, whereby a great number of the inhabitants have been driven from their Habitations, [and] many perfidiously murdered...in manifest violation of the most solemn Treaties...therefore, We, the representatives of the People of this Province, desirous of complying in the fullest Manner, with the Requisition made of them by His Majesty's said Commander in Chief, and of cooperating with such offensive Measures as shall be judged necessary for reducing the said Indians and securing the future peace and quiet of the Colonies...pray that...the sum of Fifty-five Thousand Pounds...shall be given to the King's Use..."
Provenance: Frank T. Siebert Library of the North American Indian and the American Frontier, Sotheby's, New York, 21 May 1999, lot 174.
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