17 June 2008
GALTON, Francis (1822-1911). Hereditary Genius: an Inquiry into its Laws and Consequences. London: Macmillan, 1869. 8o. 2 printed folding tables (one loose). (Last leaf of text stained.) Original maroon cloth, uncut (rebacked preserving the original spine, corners scuffed, inner hinges strengthened). FIRST EDITION. Galton (a cousin of Charles Darwin) "investigated the families of great men and suggested that genius was hereditary, and thus founded the science of eugenics, although he did not coin the word until 1883" (Garrison-Morton 226); Cushing G82; Osler 1599; Waller 15950; Norman 864.
GALTON, Francis. Finger Prints. London & New York: Macmillan, 1892. 8o. 16 plates. Original maroon cloth, uncut (spine lightly faded, a bit rubbed). Provenance: Mary O. Stevens (signature dated 1894). FIRST EDITION. Galton was the first to describe the uses of fingerprinting as a means of personal identification in both biological and criminological investigations. He classified fingerprints in the three main categories of arch, whorl and loop, following the suggestions of Henry Faulds in 1880, and he also traced the hereditary nature of patterns. PMM 376; Norman 867.
GALTON, Francis. Fingerprint Directories. London & New York: Macmillan, 1895. 8o. 9 plates. Original maroon cloth, uncut and partially unopened (extremities just a bit rubbed). Provenance: Arne Svennsson (bookplate). FIRST EDITION, PUBLISHER'S PRESENTATION COPY, with blindstamp. Norman 868. (3)
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