24 June 2009
[HERBAL]. Herbarius Latinus (with German Snynonyms). [Passau: Johann Petri, ca. 1486].
Chancery 4o (188 x 130 mm). Types: 2:150 (headings, and chapter numeration); 1:92 (text). 150 leaves (of 174, lacking first 4 leaves of table, first leaf of text with woodcut, and last 19 leaves at end including a blank), without signatures. 32 lines. 149 (of 150) half-page woodcuts of plants, COLORED BY AN EARLY HAND. (Some leaf numbers trimmed, a few leaves remargined, minor worming). Modern blindstamped morocco. C.Ph.F. Martii (bookplate); Allan F. Vigers (bookplate); Albert George Nicholls (bookplate).
The third edition of the Passau Herbarius, from the press of Johann Petri at Passau (the second printer of that city). The text is an almost unaltered reprint of the first edition, printed by Peter Schoeffer in Mainz in 1484, with the woodcuts copied in reverse. The Herbarius Latinus was the prototype for all later fifteenth-century herbals and the most popular herbal of the incunable period. Strictly medieval in its text, derived largely from Vincent de Beauvais's Speculum naturale and arranged in alphabetical order of plant name, and in the simplicity of its schematic woodcut illustrations, the Herbarius was intended to address the needs of laymen who lacked access to physicians. Thirteen fifteenth-century editions are recorded. In Petri's editions "the text and the arrangement are identical with Schoeffer's edition. Only the German names of plants are sometimes spelt differently on account of the varying dialects, and sometimes they are quite different, a fact which gives a special interest to this edition" (Klebs). HC(Add) 8447*; BMC II,616 (IA1136); See Fairfax Murray German 191; Goff H-66; Klebs Early Herbals 9; Nissen BBI 2302.
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