JACKSON, Charles Thomas (1805-1880). A Manual of Etherization: containing Directions for the Employment of Ether, Chloroform, and other Anaesthetic Agents, by Inhalation, in Surgical Operations, intended for Military & Naval Surgeons, and all who may be exposed to Surgical Operations; with Instructions for the Preparation of Ether and Chloroform, and for Testing them for Impurities. Comprising, also, a Brief History of the Discovery of Anaesthesia. Boston: for the Author by J.B. Mansfield, 1861. 8° (191 x 122mm). 5 engraved illustrations (browning, some light soiling, adhesive tape repairing front free end-paper). Original cloth (faded, inner hinges repaired, rebacked with most of original spine laid down). Provenance: SIGNED PRESENTATION INSCRIPTION at head of front free end-paper to 'Walter M. Jackson MD, Compliments of the Author'.
FIRST EDITION. Jackson, who was Morton's preceptor at the Harvard Medical School, became a principal in the hard-fought claim to the invention of anaesthesia. On 30 September 1846 Jackson suggested to Morton to use ether to allay pain in the pulling of teeth, partly owing to the fact that he had been experimenting with inhaling ether himself since 1841. 'When Morton applied for a patent, recognizing that he was indebted to Jackson, he consented (under pressure from Jackson) to take the patent out under the name of Morton and Jackson, so that neither one claimed sole credit of discovery' (Fulton and Stanton p. 66). Although Morton appears initially to have stood by his agreement, he changed his approach when he discovered that, in France at least, Jackson was claiming the discovery as solely his. 'Jackson realizing that he had published nothing of a formal nature on his "discovery," eventually in 1861 issued a manual of etherization compiled from the experience of others' (Fulton and Stanton p.70), apparently the only substantial work he ever published on the subject. Fulton and Stanton V. 3; Keys 142.