This important work on ethics was translated into English in 1839 under the title Akhlaq-e Jalai (Jalalean Ethics). The work is closely modelled on Nasir al-Din Tusi’s Akhlaq-e Nasiri. A Safavid copy of Khaqani’s Qasa’id sold at Christie’s South Kensington, 11 April 2014, lot 314 had similar Qajar illustrations. The present paintings are of interest for the study of the late Qajar school of painting and the taste for revival Timurid and Safavid style in manuscript illustration. On this, see Adel Adamova, Persian Manuscripts, Paintings and Drawings, London, 2012, cat.259-285, pp.384-392.