JONES, Inigo (1573-1652). The most notable Antiquity of Great Britain, vulgarly called Stone-Heng on Salisbury Plain ... to which are added the Chorea Gigantum, or Stone-Heng restored to the Danes by Doctor Charleton; and Mr. Webb's Vindication of Stone-Heng Restored. London: D. Browne, J. Woodman and D. Lyon, 1725. 3 parts in one volume, 2° (354 x 230mm). Part-titles. Engraved portrait frontispiece of Inigo Jones by Hollar after Van Dyck, engraved portrait of Walter Charleton by Pierre Lombart, title printed in red and black, 9 folding or double-page engraved plates, 3 single-page plates, 12 engravings in the text, one woodcut text-illustration, wood-engraved printer's devices, initials, head- and tailpieces. (Tiny marginal hole to 2.G1 caused by paper flaw, folding plates to part I and portrait of Charleton browned.) Contemporary calf, covers with small roll-tooled gilt border with foliate cornerpieces, gilt spine, compartments decorated with elephant tool, red speckled edges (covers crazed and rubbed, loose front flyleaf).
LARGE-PAPER COPY of the second edition of Jones' hypothesis of the Roman origin of Stonehenge, and the first publication of Charleton's critical response to this, suggesting that the stones were erected by Danes. In the present work, Webb replies in kind, with a robust defence of Jones - which was not surprising considering Webb edited and saw the first edition of 1655 through the press. Harris 384; RIBA 1628; Upcott III, 1317-1320; Wing J954.