5 December 2008
JUANA INÉS DE LA CRUZ, Sister (1651-1695). Fama, y obras postumas, tomo tercero, del Fenix de Mexico, y dezima musa, poetisa de la America. Lisbon: Miguel Deslandes, 1701.
4o (206 x 151 mm). Title printed in red and black within typographic border. (B1 with marginal tear crossing text, lower corner of D3 torn away and small hole on X1 each with loss of a few letters, some browning and occasional dampstaining.) Contemporary limp vellum, manuscript title on spine (inner joints partly split). Provenance: Fr. Joseph Perez (signature on title); Libreria de Miguel de los Reyes (manuscript annotation on title).
First Portuguese edition, following the first edition of Madrid, 1700. This is the third volume in the posthumous works of Sister Juana Inés de la Cruz, and includes many references to the author's life in Mexico. Born November 12, 1651, in San Miguel Nepantla, a village south of Mexico City, Sister Juana became an exceptional poet-nun whose writings promoted freedom. Her devotion to letters and science caused the Church, in 1690, to publish a letter demanding that she focus on theology. She continued her work for a time, but around 1693 ceased writing to prevent further censures. She was forced to sell her extensive library of some 4,000 volumes as well as her musical and scientific instruments. Plague struck her convent in April 1695 and Sister Juana was among the many victims. Alden & Landis 701/152; Medina BHA 2029; Palau 65227.
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