7 December 2015
LINCOLN, Abraham. Emancipation Proclamation. General Orders, No. 1. War Department, Adjutant General's Office. Washington, January 2, 1863. 8° (180 x 120mm). Disbound, 3pp.
THE WAR DEPARTMENT'S PRINTING OF LINCOLN'S RESOUNDING BLOW AGAINST SLAVERY. "Now, therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-in-Chief...do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free." Lincoln's proclamation firmly committed the Union war effort to ending slavery. This was a radical step forward from where Lincoln and Northern public opinion began the war in 1861. Lincoln initially fought to save the Union and to leave slavery alone. Now in 1863 he made it clear that defeat of the Confederacy and restoration of the Union could only be accomplished by destroying slavery. Eberstadt 12; Grolier Club, One Hundred Influential American Books, 71; Streeter 1751.
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