12 June 2009
LONDON 1646 -- VINES, Richard. The Hearse of the Renowned, the right honourable Robert, Earle of Essex and Ewe, Viscount Hereford...As it was represented in a Sermon, preached in the Abbey Church at Westminster, at the Magnificent Solemnity of his Funerall, Octob. 22. 1646. London: T.R. and E.M. for Abel Roper, 1646.
4o (179 x 134 mm). Engraved frontispiece portrait (reinforced along gutter and fore-edge). (Some marginal browning and minor chipping.) White buckram, gilt-lettered cover morocco cover label.
PRESENTATION COPY, inscribed "ex dono authoris" on frontispiece recto. ROBERT DEVEREUX (1591-1646), 3rd Earl of Essex, was an English Parliamentarian and soldier during the first half of the seventeenth century. With the start of the English Civil War in 1642 he became the first Captain-General and Chief Commander of the Parliamentarian army, also known as the Roundheads. However, he was unable and unwilling to score a decisive blow against the Royalist army of King Charles I. He was eventually overshadowed by the ascendancy of Oliver Cromwell and resigned his commission in 1646. His death led to a large display of mourning. Parliament contributed £5000 to the expenses of his funeral and he was buried in Westminster Abbey. For the occasion the chancel of the Abbey was draped in black from floor to ceiling and a funeral effigy of the earl dressed in scarlet breeches, a military buff-coat and Parliamentary robes was erected beneath a catafalque designed by INIGO JONES. This was left standing after the ceremony until a poor farmer from Dorset hacked it down on the grounds that an angel had told him to do so. The effigy was restored but Charles II ordered that it be taken down during the Restoration.
This is the 38-page Roper edition: Wing lists a 32-page edition of the same date also printed for Roper (Wing V553), as well another 38-page "edition" printed for Henry Seile (Wing V554). Wing V554A.
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