Athir al-Din al-Abhari (d. 1264 AD) was a dialectician whose works dealt with philosophy, natural sciences and astronomy (See Al-Zerekly, Al-A'lam, Biographical Dictionary, Beirut, 2007, vol. VII, p.279). He was born in Abhar, Jibal. He studied under Shaybani and worked in Mosul and Irbil. Al-Abhari was the author of the revision of Porphyry’s “Introduction of Categories” of Aristotle, see B.A. Rosenfeld & E. Ihsanoglu, Mathematicians. Astronomers and Other Scholars of Islamic Civilisation and their Works (7th – 19th), Istanbul, 2003, p.209, no. 595.
The present text is a commentary on al-Abhari's Hidayat al-hikma which is a work in three parts, on logic (mantiq), natural philosophy (al-tabi'i) and metaphysics (al-ilahi). This commentary was composed by Mawlana Zadeh Ahmad bin Mahmud al-Harawi al-Khazarbani whose dates are unknown (Katib Celebi's Kashf al-Zunun, Beirut, 1971, vol.III, p.543-544). A number of commentaries on this important text are listed in Katib Celebi, op.cit., vol.III, p.543. There is a copy of this commentary dated AH 895/1490 AD in the Chester Beatty Library, see A. Arberry, A Handlist of the Arabic Manuscripts, Dublin, 1962, p. 146, no. 4449. See Brockelmann, GAL, I, 464; S. I, 840.