PARE, Ambroise (c.1510-1590). Cinq livres de chirurgie. 1. Des bandages. 2. Des fractures. 3. Des luxations, avec une Apologie touchant les harquebousades. 4. Des morsures & piqueures venimeuses. 5. Des gouttes. Paris: André Wechel, 1572. Title within woodcut allegorical border, woodcut portrait of Paré on verso, 41 woodcuts in text, most full-page, complete with colophon leaf with woodcut printer's device on verso. (Title with tiny marginal chip at foot, extremely minor marginal worming affecting gatherings n-q and v, occasional pale soiling or spotting.)
[Bound with:] -- Traicté de la peste, de la petite Verolle & Rougeolle: avec une brefue description de la Lepre. Paris: André Wechel, 1568. Title within woodcut allegorical border, complete with 'Au Lecteur' leaf with very large woodcut printer's device on verso. (Heavy dampstaining from gathering O to end, minor marginal worming affecting last 5 leaves and endpapers.)
2 works in one volume, 8° (170 x 109mm). Contemporary vellum, yapp edges (some soiling, remains of ties). Provenance: 'C.P.L.C... du bon desser' (contemporary ink inscription in lower margin of a2 recto) -- François Moutier (20th-century bookplate).
FIRST EDITIONS OF TWO OF PARE'S MOST IMPORTANT WORKS.
The first work is illustrated with a woodcut portrait of Paré at the age of 55 and 41 woodcuts depicting surgical operations and instruments. 'The Cinq livres contains all new material. It had been called by several serious writers Paré's chef d'oeuvre ... in it appears the first description of the fracture of the head and of the femur. Secondly, it is the first appearance of the whole teaching of bandages, fractures, and dislocations which has come down to us from the ancients, broadened by Paré's own experience ... It is undoubtedly one of his most important works' (Doe 19).
The second work was written from direct experience of the plague: 'Having passed the winter of 1564-65 on tour in Provence with Catherine de' Medici and the young king Charles IX, where the ravages of a plague epidemic, added to poverty and general misery, were painfully apparent, Paré was requested by the queen mother to make whatever knowledge he possessed of the disease available to the world. He therefore puts into a book his ideas as to its cause, transmission, and treatment, and says he writes only of what he has seen by long experience during his three years at the Hôtel-Dieu, his travels, his practice in Paris, and his own slight attack while he was serving his internship. This is one of Paré's most systematic treatises; for its careful symptomatology and thorough description of treatment, it deserves to rank among the best of his writings' (Doe 14). Durling 3526.