12 June 2013
PISO, Willem (1611-1678), Georg MARCGRAVE (1610-1644) and Jacob DE BONDT (1592-1631). De Indiae utriusque re naturali et medica libri quatuordecim. Amsterdam: Lowijs III and Daniel Elzevir, 1658.
3 parts in one volume, 2° (361 x 225mm). Engraved title, 522 woodcut illustrations and diagrams [Cleveland Collections count], woodcut tailpieces and initials, letterpress tables in text. (Without final blank at end of first work, engraved title partly detached but still holding, tiny wormhole to inner margin of second work and tiny hole to final leaf, light occasional browning and a few scattered stains.) Contemporary vellum, title on spine label, blue edges (spine label chipped, light staining). Provenance: Giano Soranzo? (ownership inscription dated 1720) -- Danutii Scarpacci (ownership inscription) -- unidentified removed book label.
SECOND ENLARGED EDITION of Piso and Marcgrave's Historia naturalis Brasiliae edited by Johannes de Laet (Leiden and Amsterdam: 1648), which combined Piso's Medicina Brasiliensi and Marcgrave's Historiae rerum naturalium Brasiliae. For this edition, Piso decided to completely re-edit the two texts, and added de Bondt's Historiae naturalis et medicae Indiae Orientalis and his own Mantissa aromatica. Due to the scientific talents of Piso and Marcgrave and the wide variety of scientific and medical subjects, it became one of the best-known works on South America. Marcgrave had travelled to Brazil in 1638 with the Governor of Dutch Brazil and he 'composed the most notable scientific work completed in that country in the seventeenth century' (Borba de Moraes p. 675). The Dutch pharmacist and botanist Piso, 'one of the pioneers of tropical medicine' (DSB X, p. 622), had journeyed to Brazil in 1638 to become Nassau's physician and head a scientific mission sent by the Dutch West India Company, returning in 1644. Arnold Arboretum p. 558; Borba de Moraes pp. 676-677; Cleveland Collections 225 (without Piso final blank); Garrison-Morton 1825; Hunt 280; Nissen IVB 589; Nissen BBI 1533; Willems 1236; Wood p. 520.
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