RICHARD I 'the Lionheart' (1157-1199), King of England, Duke of Normandy and of Aquitaine, Count of Anjou. Charter, issued in the King's name by Petrus Audierus, settling a dispute between Isemberg Escoblart, abbot of St Martial in Limoges, Petrus Ardialos, provost of La Souterraine, and the people of Souterraine, late 1195 ('Anno incarnati verbi Mo.Cao.XCo.Vo. & viio anno domini R[ichardi] regis Anglie regni'), written in dark brown ink in a protogothic documentary hand on vellum, one membrane, 455 x 345 mm, coloured cords for seal attached to folded-up (seal missing), late medieval endorsement (small nick in lower right-hand edge, not affecting text, darkened at edges, a few light stains, slightly cockled in folds). Provenance: Sotheby's sale, 11 December 1984, lot 25; the Spiro Family Collection.
A fine romanesque charter in the name of Richard the Lionheart, issued soon after his return from imprisonment on the Crusades, and during his invasion of Normandy in 1195; his seventh year began on 3 September. The dispute between Isembert, abbot of the great Benedictine abbey of St Martial in Limoges and Petrus Ardialos, provost of La Souterraine, on the one hand, and the townsmen on La Souterraine on the other (13 of them are named in the charter), is over the service due and tax payable by foreigners staying in La Souterraine. The townsmen refused to obey the judgment given at the inquiry called by Audierus who, being ordered by Richard to end the dispute on the King's orders, delivers his judgment that only knights are exempt from dues which are payable by others, and the abbot and provost shall be entitled to payments. Isembert Escoblart had personally contributed 50 marks for the ransom of Richard I, and a further 50 marks from the coffers of the abbey (Gallia Christiana, II, 1720, col.561).