This manuscript is entitled Risalat al-Aqtab. In Sufism Qutb (plural Aqtab) is the most perfect human being (al-insan al-kamil) who leads the saintly hierarchy. He is the sufi leader that has a Divine connection with God and passes knowledge on which makes him central to Sufism. Two names that are frequently quoted in the present work are those of al-Buni and al-Shadhili.
Muhyi-ad-Din Abu'l 'Abbas Ahmad bin'Ali al-Qurashi al-Buni (d.1225 AD) was born in the city of Bone ('Annaba) in Algeria and eventually lived in Egypt. He was a well known Sufi and writer on the esoteric value of letters and topics relating to mathematics, magic and spirituality. Abu'l Hasan 'Ali bin 'Abdallah bin 'Abd-al-Jabbar al-Hasani al-Idrisi al-Zarwili was born in Ghomara, near Ceuta, in north Morocco in 1196 AD. He studied in Fez before travelling to Tunisia and Iraq. He sought guidance from the great Moroccan spiritualist Ibn Mashish. He died in Egypt on his way to Makkah in 1258 AD.