TABERNAEMONTANUS, Jacobus Theodous (1520-1590). Neuw Kreuterbuch, Mit schönen, künstlichen und leblichen Figuren unnd Conterfeyten, aller Gewächss der Kreuter... Frankfurt: Nicolaus Basseus, 1588-1591.
2 volumes in one, 2o (362 x 249 mm). Title of first volume printed in red and black within allegorical woodcut border colored in an early hand, gothic type, double column, numerous woodcuts of plants (558 in volume one by Nissen's count), woodcut initials (some browning and staining, repairs to lower margins of last few leaves covering a few words of index, Register leaf torn affecting 3 words, a few other mostly marginal tears or repairs). Contemporary blind-stamped pigskin (rebacked, original backstrip presevered, original metal catches, lacking clasps, endpapers renewed). Provenance: Kenneth K. Mackenzie bequest, 1934, to the Horticultural Society of New York (bookplate); Robert de Belder; ); An Important Botanical Libary Part II (sold Christie's New York, 5 June 1997, lot 649).
FIRST EDITION. Tabernaemontanus was a physician and student of Bock and Brunfels. His encyclopaedic Kreuterbuch, an attempt at a universal overview of the known European flora, was one of the most widely disseminated of the German herbals; it is now, however, quite rare. Although the woodcuts, by an unknown artist and engraver, derive from the cuts of his teachers as well as Mattioli, Dodoens, Clusius and Lobel, Nissen (I, p. 64) praises their execution as having been carried out with great understanding and states that some cuts improve on their models. The stock was later acquired by the printer John Norton who used them to illustrated the first edition of Gerard's herbal. Adams T-540; Nissen BBI 1930; Pritzel 9093.