7 December 2015
TYLER, John. President. Autograph letter signed (John Tyler”) to “His Honor the Mayor of Washington D.C.” Brown’s [Indian Princess] Hotel, 3 February 1861. 1 page, 4to, integral blank.
TYLER UNANIMOUSLY ELECTED PRESIDENT OF THE WASHINGTON PEACE CONFERENCE OF 1861: a last-ditch effort to preserve the union, in the wake of Lincoln’s election and the secession of the southern states. Tyler has received “your letter...informing me that the City Council through the liberal kindness of the Messrs Willards [another hotel] in view of the proposed meeting...from the several states on the 4th Inst had placed at the disposition of the Commissioners Willard’s Concert Hall...” That offer, he writes “reached me on Friday afternoon at my residence in Virginia, and I take the earliest moment of acknowledging its receipt and to express the belief that it will be necessitated by the Commissioners with becoming thankfulness. I will submit to them your letter...” He adds: "I shall take leave to notify a meeting at the Hall through the medium of the morning papers...” In the wake of Lincoln’s election as president and following the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas, former president Tyler was unanimously chosen President of the Washington Peace Conference and delivered the keynote address, specifically aimed at the border states still neutral. But Tyler’s diplomacy proved futile. Some 100 delegates attended this, the final attempt to patch together a workable compromise. The die was cast: Civil War was inevitable.
[With:] TYLER. Autograph letter signed (“John Tyler”), as President, to Daniel Webster (1782-1852), Charles City County, Virginia, 22 May 1843. 2 full pages, 4to, inlaid. British Diplomacy, the Bunker Hill Monument and Patronage troubles occupy this wide-ranging and most interesting letter to his Secretary of State. “I have read and now return the private dispatches with which you favored me from Mr. Everett and your letter in reply. Lord Ashburton must certainly be under great mistake in relation to what passed between you on the right of visit and of search. Most certainly but one language has been held in all our Cabinet consultations, which was uniformly in negative of any such right.” Together 2 items.
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