Prince Georgii Lvov is known primarily as the first post-imperial Prime Minister of Russia, a post he assumed in 1917. He was also however a prominent social reformer and statesman in Imperial Russia. A descendant of the Rurikids, the ruling dynasty of Kievan Rus' and one of Europe's oldest families, Georgii Lvov was recognised by his contemporaries as an ardent patriot and a dignified representative of the Russian intelligentsia. Having obtained a degree in law, he became a member of the Tula Zemstvo, the local council responsible for supervising the collection of taxes, building roads and the running of schools and hospitals.
During the Russo-Japanese war in 1904-1905 Lvov assisted with the production and delivery of critical medical supplies to the Russian army. During World War I Lvov became a leader of the Union of Zemstvos, a new governmental body established to protect rural and urban interests. Just as Leo Tolstoy before him, Lvov was renowned for his great ability to speak the common language of the common.
Following his arrest during the Bolsheviks rise to power in 1918, Lvov escaped and fled to America. Later that year the former Prime Minister settled in France, where he led a delegation of Russian parliamentary exiles at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919.