A highly-recognisible and important symbol of the democratic Antique world, the Acropolis in Athens dominates the cityscape as it has done since it was developed around 450-330 B.C. The Herodeion Atticon (or Odeon of Herodus Atticus) was built at the base of the Acropolis, around 161 A.D., by the Roman philosopher, teacher and politician, Herodes Atticus, in memory of his wife.
On seeing the spectacular sites at the Acropolis, Williams wrote 'Who that has seen it, has not spoken of this building with raptures?... Instruction emanates from every part. It teaches the rules of nice proportion, of grace and beauty. With how much majesty does it rise among the heaps of surrounding ruins...The consumate skill in the adjustment of every part, the knowledge of the perfect forms of nature, and the adapting them to the expression of ideal beauty, still remains a mystery...The whole is rich, yet pleasingly subdued, and when the evening sun illuminates the temple,...imagine how splendid it must be!' (Williams, loc. cit.).